About this Event

On August 2, 2019, the United States officially withdrew from the 1987 Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, citing Russian testing and deployment of missiles banned by the treaty. In the weeks after its withdrawal, the United States has tested its own intermediate-range ground-launched cruise missile, while Russia has continued to claim it did not violate the accord and vowed to keep pace with any future U.S. deployments. Please join the Center for the Study of Weapons of Mass Destruction for a panel discussion on what the end of the INF Treaty means for the United States, for Great Power competition, for arms control, and for international stability. The panel will provide context for how we came to the end of INF, assess the important events that have already occurred in a post-INF world, and look ahead to the implications of possible U.S. deployment of intermediate range ground launched missiles.

If you have any questions about the event, please contact the CSWMD Admin staff at CSWMD-Admin@ndu.edu or call 202-433-6382.


Alexandra Bell is the Senior Policy Director at the Center for Arms Control & Non-Proliferation. Her areas of focus include bilateral and multilateral arms control and non-proliferation, Euro-Atlantic security, diplomacy, and Congressional affairs. Previously, Bell served as a Senior Advisor in the Office of the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. Before joining the Department of State in 2010, she worked on nuclear policy issues at the Ploughshares Fund and the Center for American Progress. Bell received a Master’s degree in International Affairs from the New School and a Bachelor’s degree in Peace, War and Defense from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. From 2001-2003, she was a Peace Corps Volunteer in Saint Elizabeth, Jamaica. Bell is a Member of the British American Security Information Council (BASIC) Board of Directors, a Truman National Security Fellow, a 2012-2017 Council on Foreign Relations Term Member, a 2017 Munich Security Conference Young Leader, and a member of the Project on Nuclear Issues Mid-Career Cadre and the Younger Generation Leaders Network on Euro-Atlantic Security.

Evan Montgomery is a Senior Fellow and the Director of Research and Studies at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CSBA). During more than a decade at CSBA, Dr. Montgomery has written dozens of monographs, reports, journal articles, and book chapters on a wide range of topics, including great power competition, alliance management, East Asia security challenges, and nuclear issues. In 2016-2017 he served as Special Advisor to the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, where he worked primarily on defense innovation and nuclear modernization. Dr. Montgomery graduated summa cum laude from Villanova University and received his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Virginia. He is a past recipient of the Smith Richardson Foundation Strategy and Policy Fellowship, the Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship, and the Department of Defense Joint Civilian Service Commendation Award.

Toshi Yoshihara is a senior fellow at CSBA. Before joining CSBA, Dr. Yoshihara held the John A. van Beuren Chair of Asia-Pacific Studies at the U.S. Naval War College where he taught strategy for over a decade. He was also an affiliate member of the war college’s China Maritime Studies Institute. Dr. Yoshihara has been a visiting professor at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University; the School of Global Policy and Strategy, University of California, San Diego; and in the Strategy Department at the U.S. Air War College. He holds a Ph.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, an M.A. from the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, and a B.S.F.S. from the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.