The proliferation of new technologies threatens to increase the risks of nuclear use. Join us to discuss two of those risks—precision-strike weapons in the hands of U.S. allies and artificial intelligence—explored in recent studies funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.


9:30 to 10:45 a.m.

Conventional Precision-Strike Weapons and Non-Nuclear States 
How could the military capabilities of non-nuclear states allied to a nuclear power affect the risks of escalation? Several U.S. allies and partners in Europe and Asia are pursuing precise long-range strike weapons and acquiring their own intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities. We discuss the state of play, some of the reasons behind this trend, and its implications for crisis and conflict situations.

Tom Plant, Joshua Pollack, Caitlin Talmadge, Samuel Charap

10:45 to 11:00 a.m.


11:00 a.m. to 12:15 p.m.

Artificial Intelligence, Strategic Stability, and Nuclear Risk
Breakthroughs in machine learning and new approaches to AI engineering have enabled the development of increasingly capable AI-enabled and autonomous military systems. We will explore why and how machine learning and autonomy might become the focus of an arms race among nuclear-armed states.

Lora Saalman, Petr Topychkanov, Lindsey Sheppard, Toby Dalton